History

Other Historical Articles

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open as Word Files

30th Division Arrives in the ETO

30th Division Combat Commands - NEW

Army Organization
Chart

Camp Atterbury
to Normandy

Camp Blanding Museum and Memorial Park

Camp Blanding:
War Years A History

Camp Blanding in War & Peace

Childhood
Memories

Dates in 30th Infantry History - NEW

Death Train
at Farsleben

Les Fleurs de la Memoire

History
of the Bornes

Normandy / Brittany Adoption Program

Operation Cobra

Standing Night Watch
on Omaha Beach

30th Division, 1st Bivouac Area in Normandy, 10-15 June 1944

They Are Adopted

113th F.A.
Bn. Disaster

Battalion T/O & E

The Battle of St. Lo & The Breakout

Dates in 30th Infantry History

Dittmar's Surrender

England to Normandy - NEW

EXERCISE TIGER

History of 30th Division Path (pdf)

History of Old Hickory

How It Was:
40 Years Ago

How It Was II

Jews
of WWII

Magdeburg Revisited

Map Index

Marshall Letter

Military Occupational Specialties

Military Police
in the 30th

Mortain to the Seine

Origin of the 30th Division Shoulder Patch

Personal Views

Presidential Unit Citations

Radio/Telephone Call Signs, 1944

Rangers

Rat Race

Rationing
in WWII

Seine Bridgehead

Seine
to the Siegfried Line

Troop Ship Crossings

SS Argentina
SS Brazil
USS John Ericsson

Unit Commanders

V-Mail: Wonder
of WWII

War Starts Here
for Us

WWI & WWII
Researching

Surrender
of Gen. Dittmar


[Photo]

 

 

WWI & WWII RESEARCHING

There are many instances coming to our attention concerning children and grandchildren, particularly of WWII veterans, who are researching their father or grandfather, who served in the European Theater during WWII.

Believe it or not, some do NOT know where their father is buried! Mother never told them. She was traumatized at the time, and just said that "Daddy just went away and never came back." Now they are finding out the "Daddy" was a "Hero" and never came home because he is "buried over there somewhere!" They do not know the circumstances of his death, do not know which unit he fought with, nor the actions in which he was involved, and why were they not brought back home after the war. Many puzzling questions are being asked, and each one deserves an answer. But, where are the answers?

When a soldier was killed, he remained on the battlefield, in place, until their unit's medics came along, pronounced him dead, and they in turn notified the Graves Registration Unit. If by chance the soldier was not dead, he was evacuated to the nearest Aid Station or Hospital, where eventually he recovered or died. Again the Graves Registration Unit removed the body to its own facility.

The G.R.U. made positive identification of the body, recorded the condition of the body, obvious wounds and/or the cause of death, and was inventoried for personal effects.

The body was then removed to a rear area, where further identification was made, a medical examination made, and personal effects packaged and secured, and later sent to the nearest next of kin, with the usual greeting from the U.S. Army, "We regret to inform you…".

As soon as possible and practical, the body was placed in a body bag, which sometimes consisted of only a mattress cover, and buried in a shallow grave of a temporary cemetery, although carefully marked and identified.

After establishment of our many U.S. Military Cemeteries and Memorials throughout Europe, all of the bodies in these temporary cemeteries were re-interred into the permanently established sites, and those temporary cemeteries were closed.

Starting in 1947, a repatriation of bodies program was initiated and up until the 1960s, it was possible to have bodies returned to the U.S. at government expense, for private burials near the decedent's home. It was the decision of the family as to whether they wanted the body brought home or not. Of course a big percentage did, but the rest chose to let their "loved one" rest among his buddies near where he fell for the cause in which he believed, and for which he fought. Since that time, further removal of bodies has been prohibited.

Next-of-kin may request information on veterans who were Killed in Action, (KIA), and in many cases, can get a detailed file on the handling of the body from the time of death until burial in a U.S. Military cemetery and/or removal to the U.S., and in some cases, information on where the body was re-interred in the U.S.A.

This information is contained in an "Individual Deceased Personnel File," (I.D.P.F.), and may be obtained as follows:

Write to the agency below, requesting the "IDPF" on: Veteran's full name; Army Serial #; Unit if known; Date and Place of death if known; and your relationship to the deceased veteran. The more details that are furnished, the quicker they can research this information and get a reply back to you. It will take perhaps 6-8 weeks to obtain this data.

Department of the Army
U.S. Total Army Personnel Command
Attn: TAPC-PA0, (FOIA), Room 7N50
200 Stovall Street
Alexandria, VA 22332-0404

See "Form Letter" to use as a guide.

All of the Cemeteries on foreign soil are under the jurisdiction of the "American Battle Monuments Commission" in Arlington, VA.

Each cemetery has been granted use of the site, in perpetuity by the host government, to the United States, tax and rent free.

There are eight (8) WWI U.S. Cemeteries in Europe, mostly in the NE of France and SE of Belgium, and one in England, as follows:

CemetaryLocationGravesMissing
Aisne-Marne Belleau Woods, France2,288 1,060
BrookwoodBrookwood, England468563
FlandersField Waregem, Belgium36843
Meuse-ArgonneRomagne, France14,246954
Oise-AisneFere-en-Tardenois, France6,012241
St. Mihiel Thiaucourt, France 4,152 284
Somme Bony, France 1,837 333
Suresnes Suresnes, France1,541

974

There are twelve (12) WWII U.S. Cemeteries in Europe one (1) in England, one (1) in North Africa, and one (1) in the Philippines as follows:

CemetaryLocationGravesMissing
Ardennes Neuville-en-Condroz, Belguim5,310462
BrittanySt. James, France 4,410 498
Cambridge Cambridge, England 3,8115,125
Epinal Epinal, France5,255 424
FlorenceFlorence, Italy4,402 1,409
Henri-Chapelle Aubel, Belgium 7,989450
LorraineSt. Avold, France10,489444
LuxembourgLuxembourg City, Luxem. 5,076370
Manila Manila, Philippines 17,20636,279
NetherlandsMargraten, The Netherlands 8,3021,722
Normandy St. Laurent-sur-Mer, France9,3861,557
North Africa Carthage, Tunisia2,8403,724
RhoneDraguignan, France861
293
Sicily-RomeNettuno, Italy7,8623,094

A white marble headstone marks each grave - a Star of David for those of the Jewish faith; and a Latin Cross for all others.

At the memorials in these Cemeteries, are inscribed the names of the Missing, who in the respective regions, gave their lives in the service of their Country, but whose remains were never found or not identified. A small non-denominational chapel forms a part of each WWII Cemetery & Memorial.

No further burials may be made in the Cemeteries under the ABMC's jurisdiction, except those remains which may, in the future, be found on one of the battle fields. Occasionally a body is found after all of these years, and is respectfully buried in the nearest Cemetery to where the body was found. (Unless the family requests otherwise).

Cemeteries are open to the public every day of the year, usually from 9 - 5.

Only fresh cut flowers and arrangements are allowed to be placed on gravesites.

An American Superintendent is stationed at each Cemetery, and all administrative personnel speak English, and can assist in location of grave sites.

Upon request of the "next-of-kin" the ABMC will furnish, at no cost, photos as follows:
WWI Cemeteries: A black and white photo of the appropriate headstone, or inscription on the Wall of the Missing,.
WWII Cemeteries: A colored litho aerial photo of the Cemetery, and a black & white, (most probably a colored Polaroid photo) photo of the appropriate headstone or inscription on the Wall of the Missing.

A brochure listing all of the Cemeteries and Memorials, giving a description of each, as well as directions to the facility and other pertinent data, and a separate and special brochure on each facility may be obtained from the ABMC as follows:

American Battle Monuments Commission
Courthouse Plaza II, Suite #500
2300 Clarendon Blvd.
Arlington, VA 22201

In some of the above Cemeteries, many of the local people have adopted a grave of a soldier who is unknown to them, but he is "their adopted son," in thanks and honor for his sacrifice in giving them their Liberty and Freedom in 1944-5. It is just amazing that these people still give thanks and pay tribute to their heroes after all these 56 years!

A new website has recently been opened by the A.B.M.C.. This website gives one the opportunity to locate the grave of any person buried in an overseas cemetery. It can be found at: www.abmc.gov. Click on "About War Dead". This page will give you a picture and details of each Cemetery; Rank and Army Serial # of any individual that you may be seeking, (You provide correct legal name), burial site, and it will give you the grave location within the Cemetery.

Another facility that researchers may be interested in, is the storage facility of most of our US military records, where you can possibly get information on the combat records of a veteran. In order to facilitate such a search, you must supply: Name, Rank, Army Serial #, Dates of Service, Branch of Service, and specific unit and dates for which you want records. The wait may be as long as 12 months of longer - they are notoriously slow!

National Personnel Records Center
Military Personnel Records
9700 Page Blvd.
St. Louis, MO 63132-5100

General historical and Army unit histories may be available from:

U.S. Army Military History Institute
22 Ashburn Drive
Carlisle Barracks,
Carlisle, PA 17013-5008

Books may be obtained from here on loan through your own Public Library on an inter-library-loan basis, if available at time of request.

Another repository of importance is our National Archives, where many military records are stored, and copies of such material can be obtained for a nominal cost of copying and postage.

National Archives & Records Administration
8601 Adelphi Road #4002
College Park, MD 20740-60011

Listed below are the names and addresses of all of the European Cemeteries & Memorials, with e-mail addresses. All Superintendents are very cooperative in replying to individual requests. If you'd like a printable, MS Word version of this list, click here.

THE AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION EUROPEAN REGION
68, RUE DU 19 JANVIER 92380 - GARCHES, France
APO Address : PSC 116 APO AE 09777
TEL: 01.47.01.19.76 - FAX: 01.47.41.19.79

WORLD WAR I CEMETERIES

AISNE-MARNE
American Cemetery
Belleau
02400 - Château-Thierry
France David M. Atkinson, Supt.
No Assistant Superintendent

Flora Nicolas - Cemetery Associate
TEL: 03.23.70.70.90
FAX: 03.23.70.70.94
e-mail: Aisne-Marne@abmc.gov

BROOKWOOD
American Cemetery
Brookwood, Woking, Surrey
GU24 OBL England Frank S. Kaufmann, Supt.
No Assistant Superintendent

Derek Odell - Cemetery Associate TEL: 00.44.1483.473.237
FAX: 00.44.1483.481.533
e-mail: Brookwood@abmc.gov
FPO Address: American Cemetery (ABMC)
PSC 821, Box 84 FPO AE 09421-0084

FLANDERS FIELD
American Cemetery
8790 - Waregem
Belgium Saad Eddine Kaddi, Supt.
No Assistant Superintendent

Christopher Sims - Cemetery Associate TEL: 00.32.56.60.11.22
FAX: 00.32.56.60.61.30
e-mail: Flanders-Field@abmc.gov
APO Address: ABMC/US Embassy Brussels
PSC 82, Box 002 APO AE 09724

MEUSE-ARGONNE
American Cemetery
55110 - Romagne-sous-
Montfaucon, France Joseph P.P. Rivers, Supt.
Scott Desjardins, Asst-Tr.

Dominique Didiot - Cemetery Associate
TEL: 03.29.85.14.18
FAX: 03.29.85.13.96
e-mail: Meuse-Argonne@abmc.gov

OISE-AISNE
American Cemetery
CD 2
02130 Seringes-et-Nesles
France Jeffrey E. Aarnio, Supt
No Assistant Superintendent

Nathalie Le Barbier - Cemetery Associate TEL: 03.23.82.21.81
FAX: 03.23.82.53.30
e-mail: Oise-Aisne@abmc.gov

SAINT-MIHIEL
American Cemetery
54470 - Thiaucourt
France Jacques R. Adelée, Supt.
No Assistant Superintendent

Nadia-Ezz-Eddine, Cemetery Associate TEL: 03.83.80.01.01
FAX: 03.83.81.94.72
e-mail: Saint-Mihiel@abmc.gov

SOMME
American Cemetery
02420 - Bony
France Craig P. Rahanian, Supt.
No Assistant Superintendent

Murielle Defrenne, Cemetery Associate TEL: 03.23.66.87.20
FAX: 03.23.66.87.27
e-mail: Somme@abmc.gov

SURESNES
American Cemetery
190 Blvd Washington
92150 - Suresnes
France
Abdelhamid Faqir, Supt.
No Assistant Superintendent

Gabrielle Mihaescu, Cemetery Associate

TEL: 01.46.25.01.70
FAX: 01.46.25.01.71
e-mail: Suresnes@abmc.gov

WORLD WAR II CEMETERIES

ARDENNES
American Cemetery
4121 - Neupre
Belgium Hans H. Hooker, Supt.
James L. DeGiusti, Assistant

Joris Vincent - Cemetery Associate TEL: 00.32.43.71.42.87
FAX: 00.32.43.72.03.29
e-mail: Ardennes@abmc.gov
APO Address: ABMC/Ardennes
PSC 82/Box 126 APO AE 09710

BRITTANY
American Cemetery
50240 St-James
France Gérald V. Arseneault, Supt.
Alan L. Amelinckx, Asst-Tr.

Maurice Lemardele, Cemetery Associate TEL: 02.33.89.24.90
FAX: 02.33.89.24.91
e-mail: Brittany@abmc.gov

CAMBRIDGE
American Cemetery
Coton, Cambridge
CB3 7PH England David W. Bedford, Supt.
Anthony A. Barclay - Assistant

Arthur Brookes, Cemetery Associate TEL: 00.44.1954.210.350
FAX: 00.44.1954.211.130
e-mail: Cambridge@abmc.gov
APO address: PSC 47, Box 882 APO AE 09470

EPINAL
American Cemetery
88000 Dinoze
France Robert T. Cavaness, Supt.
Wilfred J. St. Pierre, Assistant

Dominique Jambois, Cemetery Associate TEL: 03.29.82.04.75
FAX: 03.29.82.25.78
e-mail: Epinal@abmc.gov

HENRI-CHAPELLE
American Cemetery
159 Rue du Memorial Americain
4852 Hombourg, Belgium Alvin V. Nagel, Supt.
Dwight E. Anderson, Asst-Tr.

Caroline Oliver, Cemetery Associate TEL: 00.32.87.68.71.73
FAX: 00.32.87.68.67.17
e-mail: Henri-Chapelle@abmc.gov

LORRAINE
American Cemetery
Avenue de Fayetteville
57500 St. Avold
France Horace E. Thompson, Supt.
Walter E. Benjamin, Assistant

Valerie Muller, Cemetery Associate TEL: 03.87.92.07.32
FAX: 03.87.92.99.73
e-mail: Lorraine@abmc.gov

LUXEMBOURG
American Cemetery
Val du Scheid, 50
2517 - Luxembourg
Grand Duche Leland B. Atkinson, Supt.
Keith K. Stadler, Asst-Tr.

Erwin Franzen - Cemetery Associate TEL: 00.352.43.17.27
FAX: 00.352.42.03.05
e-mail: Luxembourg@abmc.gov
APO Address: American Embassy Luxembourg
Unit 1410, APO AE 09126

NETHERLANDS
American Cemetery
6269 NA, Margraten
The Netherlands Michael S. Yasenchak, Supt.
William Haggerty, Assistant

Frenk Lahaye, Cemetery Associate TEL: 00.31.43.45.81.208
FAX: 00.31.43.45.82.045
e-mail: Netherlands@abmc.gov
APO Address: 254 bsb Unit 21 602
APO AE 09703

NORMANDY
American Cemetery
14710 Colleville-sur-Mer
France Daniel L. Neese, Supt.
Assistant - Bobby O. Bell

Cemetery Associates:
Jean Sylvie & Katia Lemerre TEL: 02.31.51.62.00
FAX: 02.31.51.62.09
e-mail: Normandy@abmc.gov

NORMANDY VISITOR CENTER (NVC)
James M. Woolsey, Director Assistant: Paula J. Bauer same as NOAC

Note: Superintendents may be changed occasionally.
If you'd like a printable, MS Word version of this list, click here.

For more information on the ABMC Website, the following address may be helpful: http://www.abmc.gov/

On it you will find:

Various Services Offered
Details about Cemeteries
Listing of War Dead
Dates of Ceremonies
And Other Items

SOME OF THE SERVICES AVAILABLE
TO THE PUBLIC THROUGH THE A.B.M.C.

1. Name, location and general information concerning the Cemetery or Memorial; Plot, Row & Grave # if appropriate.
2. Best route, directions and modes of travel in-country to the Cemetery.
3. General information on accommodations in the area.
4. Escort services within the Cemetery.
5. Memorial for Relatives.
6. Letters of Application for Fee-free passports for next-of-kin travelling overseas, to visit a Grave or memorial site. These must be processed well prior to planning the trip.
7. Photos of Headstones or Tablets of the Missing, on which the serviceman's name is engraved.
8. Large color lithographs of WWII Cemeteries & Memorials, to which photos of Headstones or Tablets of the missing are attached.
Copy of form for request is attached.
9. Arrangements for floral decoration of Graves and Memorial site.
Copy of form for request is attached.

BRITISH OR CANADIAN CONTACTS:

Requests for similar information concerning burials of WWI & WWII British or Canadian veterans in the Ypres, Belgium area is as follows:

Mr. Jeremy Gee, OBE, Director
British Commonwealth Graves Commission
NE Europe Area Phone: (32)-57-200-118
Elverdingestraat 82 FAX : (32)-57-218-014
B-8900 Ieper, Belgium e-mail: cwgc.nea@ping.be

Through this agency, the addresses for contacts in other areas may be obtained.

OTHER USEFUL ADDRESSES:

American Battle Monuments Commission
Arlington Court House Plaza II
2300 Clarendon Blvd.
Arlington, VA 22202

ABMC European Region
American Embassy, Paris
PSC 116, ABMC
APO AE 09777

ABMC Mediterranean Region
American Embassy, Rome
PSC 59, Box 100
APO AE 09624

ABMC Pacific Region
American Embassy, Manila
Fort Bonifacio
APO AP96440

Department of the Army
Attn: TAPC-PED-F
2461 Eisenhower Ave.
Alexandria, VA 22331-0482
• This office maintains the register of WWII dead. May furnish the name of the ceme tary where soldier is buried stateside.

HQS. AFESC/DEHM
Tyndall AFB, FL 32403
• Information on individual service records for US Air Force personnel.

Chief, Bureau of Medicine & Surgery
Code 332
23rd & East St. NW
Washington, DC 20372-5120
• Information on individual service records for US Navy and MarineCorps personnel.

Commandant
GMVP 1 - 12
United States Coast Guard
Washington, DC 20593
• Information for US Coast Guard personnel.

Operational Archives Branch
Naval Historical Center
Washington Navy Yard
901 M Street SE
Washington, DC 20374-5060
• Information on ships, naval units, etc.

National Memorial of the Pacific
2177 Puowaina Dr.
Honolulu, HI 96813
• Known as the "Punchbowl." Maintained by an Army veteran's association, who makes available grave locations, a map of
Grave site and a Polaroid photo of the Grave marker or memorial.

Mr. Robert King
4406 Rolling Brook Ct.
Alexandria, VA 22306
• Maintains a list of US Army Veterans Assoc. Provides a complete list for a for a nominal price.

Superintendent of Documents
US Government Printing Office
Washington, DC 20402
• Prints and distributes all kinds of printedmaterial and books that are published bythe U.S. Government, at a nominal cost.

National Personnel Records Center
Entitlement to Awards Division .
9700 Page Blvd.
St. Louis, MO 63132
• Agency that handles all requests for replacement, or original issue, of Medals to which one is entitled. Copy of Discharge/Separation Forms necessary

Camp Blanding Museum
Rt. 1, Box 465, Camp Blanding
Starke, FL 32091-9703
• Has available most all Official Medalsat a nominal cost. Limited other decorations, memorabilia & history books.

American Ex-Prisoner of War
3201 E. Pioneer Parkway, #40
Arlington, TX 76010-5936
• Membership Directory, Alpha & by Unit,of P.O.W.'s belonging to Assoc.

Some of this Data has been taken from A.B.M.C. Documents, and other sources which are in Public Domain.

Compiled and Published by:
Frank W. Towers
30th Infantry Division Assoc.
towersfw@aol.com

Updated 2/01/02

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Updated March 29, 2008